THE MANCHESTER GRAMMAR SCHOOL 11 PLUS PAPERS (2010-2018) ARITHMETIC- B- 2016 by smoothmaths | Jul 11, 2020 | 0 comments Welcome to your THE MANCHESTER GRAMMAR SCHOOL 11 PLUS PAPERS (2010-2018) ARITHMETIC- B- 2016 For each question, show all your working in full, as this will be marked, and then write your answer clearly in the space provided.You have 1 hour for this paper which is worth 80 marks. 1. Complete this bill for a small shopping trip, filling in the five missing quantities and amounts in the spaces provided £. p biscuits at 45p each 3.60 8 7 6 5 9 None 1.b) eggs which cost £1.60 for twelve 0.80 6 7 5 4 3 None 1.c) grams of butter at £2.50 per Kg 1.50 600g 400g 500g 700g 800g None 1.d) litres of milk costing 90p per litre TOTAL £ 8.15 2.5 & 2.25 3.5 & 1.25 0.5 & 3.50 None 2. (a) Martin was born on 13th August 2000. How manybirthdays did he have between 1st August 2001 and1st September 2015? 15 10 20 14 18 None 2.(b) Paul was born on 10th November 2002. How manybirthdays did he have between 20th November 2005and 1st November 2015? 9 7 8 5 6 None 2.(c) Andy was born on 29th February 2004, which was aleap year. How many true birthdays could he celebratebetween 1st January 2005 and 31st December 2015? 2 3 4 1 5 None 3. A group of children are cutting squares off one corner of rectangular sheets of paper, as shown in the diagram.(a) Ahmed's sheet of paper is 8 cm by 7 cm. He cuts out asquare with sides of length 5 cm. What area of paper isremaining when he has cut out his square? \[31cm^{2}\] \[25cm^{2}\] \[56cm^{2}\] \[81cm^{2}\] \[71cm^{2}\] None 3.(b) Bella's sheet of paper is 11 cm by 12 cm. After her squareis cut out, the area of paper she is left with is 68 cm².What is the length of each side of the square she cuts out? 8cm 4cm 6cm 10cm None of the Above None 3.(c) Chris has an area of 23 cm² of paper left when he cutsa square with sides of 7 cm from his sheet of paper.If his rectangular sheet of paper is 8 cm wide, howlong is it? 9cm 8cm 7cm 10cm 6cm None 4. Sixty pupils each voted for their favourite game app. The pie chart below shows how they voted(a) What fraction of the class voted for Minecraft? \[\frac{1}{3}\] \[\frac{1}{4}\] \[\frac{1}{2}\] \[\frac{3}{4}\] \[\frac{2}{3}\] None 4.(b) One quarter of the pupils voted for Despicable Me.What angle in the pie chart represents Despicable Me? \[90^{o}\] \[60^{o}\] \[70^{o}\] \[80^{o}\] \[50^{o}\] None 4.(c) How many pupils voted for Angry Birds? 10 12 16 18 14 None 5. In the MGS running competition, runners are placed in five heats and their time and position in their heat is used to work out when they can start in the final 'Rusholme Rally' race.The results in the heats were as follows, the times are all in minutes and secondsIn the final 'Rusholme Rally' race, the winner of each heat is given a 20 second handicap, the second place runner is given a 10 second handicap and any runner with a time faster than two minutes is given an extra 5 second handicap. This means that in the final 'RusholmeRally' race, runners with no handicap set off when the start is signalled. Any runner with a 5 second handicap sets off 5 seconds after the start and similarly for the other time handicaps.(a) List all the runners who set off when the start of the'Rusholme Rally' is signalled because they haveno handicap. C, F, I, O B, E, H, N C, F, L, I A, D, G, M B, E, H, K None 5.(b) Which runner has a 20 second handicap in the'Rusholme Rally'? G H I E F None 5.(c) Which runners have a handicap of 15 seconds? E, K, N F, I, O K, L, N D, J, M F, L, O None 6. Howard discovers a method to find the heights of buildings. He measures the distance to the foot of the building, d metres. Then he measures the angle to the horizontal when he looks up at the top of the building, as shown in the diagram.Using that angle, he then finds the quantity called the tannangle from the table belowThe height of the building, h metres, is given by the following calculation h = d x tannanglee.g. if the building is 50 m away and the angle is 30° then the height is given by h = 50 x 0.6 = 30 m(a) Find the height of a building 20 m away when the angle is 60°. 34m 44m 54m 64m 24m None 6.(b) Find the distance to a building 24 m high when the angle is 40°. 30m 40m 20m 50m 60m None 6.(c) Find the angle if a building 100 m away is 270 m high. \[70^{o}\] \[60^{o}\] \[80^{o}\] \[90^{o}\] \[50^{o}\] None 7. Groups of car enthusiasts are going to a car festival. To get to the place where the festival is happening they have a number of different sizes of car available as followsTwo seater sports cars, Four seater cars, Six seater people carriersIn order to keep the cost down, each vehicle used on the journey is always full.(a) The first group use four sports cars, 6 four seater carsand two people carriers. How many are there in the group? 44 24 34 32 36 None 7.(b) The second group has 76 people in it. How many fourseater cars will they need if they take 5 sports cars and7 people carriers? 6 4 5 8 7 None 7.(c) The third group has 112 people in it. They use8 four seater cars and equal numbers of sports carsand people carriers. How many of each do they need? 10 20 30 15 25 None 7.(d) In the fourth group there are 66 people. They needtwice as many sports cars as four seater cars and twiceas many four seater cars as people carriers.How many four seater cars do they use? 6 3 2 4 8 None 8. This question is about the Recs of numbers - you are NOT expected to know about Recs. The method for working out the Rec of two numbers is as followsUsing this method(a) Work out Rec (4,5) \[\frac{9}{20}\] \[\frac{4}{5}\] \[\frac{5}{20}\] \[\frac{1}{20}\] \[\frac{4}{20}\] None 8.(b) Work out Rec (30,50) \[\frac{4}{75}\] \[\frac{2}{75}\] \[\frac{5}{75}\] \[\frac{8}{75}\] None of the Above None 8.(c) If Rec (a,a) = 1, find the value of a. 2 4 1 3 5 None 8.(d) Work out (i) Rec (3,3) \[\frac{2}{3}\] \[\frac{1}{3}\] \[\frac{1}{9}\] \[\frac{2}{9}\] \[\frac{1}{2}\] None 8d.(ii) Rec (5,5) \[\frac{2}{5}\] \[\frac{4}{5}\] \[\frac{3}{5}\] \[\frac{1}{5}\] None of the Above None 8d.(iii) Rec (11,11) \[\frac{2}{11}\] \[\frac{1}{11}\] \[\frac{3}{11}\] \[\frac{4}{11}\] None of the Above None 8.(e) What do you notice about your answers in part d? \[\frac{2}{a}\] \[\frac{a}{2}\] \[\frac{1}{2}\] \[\frac{2}{3}\] None of the Above None 9. The stopping distance for a car is made up of two parts. The first is the distance travelled by the car while the driver is reacting to something that makes them want to brake. This is called the Thinking Distance. The second is the distance travelled by the car while the brakes are applied. This is called the Braking Distance. The Stopping Distance is given by adding these two distances together.So Stopping Distance = Thinking Distance + Braking DistanceThe table below shows the Thinking Distance, in metres, for various speeds in km per hour.The Braking Distance in metres is given by the formulaBraking Distance = ¹/6 × speed x speed or = ¹/6 × (speed)²(a) If the Thinking Distance is 24 m, what speed wasthe car travelling at? 80kmph 90kmph 70kmph 60kmph 50kmph None 9.(b) What is the Braking Distance of a car travelling at90 kmph? 135m 107m 81m 60m 41m None 9.(c) What is the Stopping Distance of a car travellingat 90 kmph? 162m 112m 152m 142m 132m None 9.(d) A driver sees a child start to cross the road 80 min front of his car. What distance would the car befrom the child when the driver stopped if he wasinitially travelling at 60 kmph. 78m 88m 68m 58m 48m None 10. On January 1st 2013 a new spymaster recruits 4 new spies. On January 1st every following year he recruits twice as many new spies as he did the previous year.Exactly two years after being recruited each spy recruits two new spies and each year after that recruits twice as many as the year before, so the four spies recruited by the spymaster in 2013 would recruit a total of eight new spies in 2015 as shown in the second column of the table. These eight spies would then recruit 16 new spies in 2016. Also, the eight spies recruited by the spymaster in 2014 would recruit 16 new spies in 2016 which is why the entry in the second column for 2016 is a total of 32.Complete the table of spies recruited by the spymaster and his spies up to 2018, putting an answer on the dotted line in each of the spaces below. 11. The output of a heater is measured in watts and kilowatts. 1 kilowatt (kW) is equal to 1000 Watts so, for example a 2.6 kW heater produces 2600 Watts.The Retention Factor (RF) of an insulating layer (which is material that stops heat flowing out) shows what percentage of the heat that reaches the insulating layer is kept in, and also allows you to work out what percentage of the heat escapes from the other side.The table below gives you some examples of the percentages for certain RFs. Use the patterns in the table to work out the percentages you will need in the questions.This means that, for example, with a 5kW heater, the number of Watts escaping through a 60RF layer is given by5000 x 40 — 100 = 2000 Watts = 2kWUsing this method, work out the answers to the following questions(a) With a 3 kW heater, how many Watts of heat escapethrough a 70RF insulating layer? 900watts 700watts 600watts 1000watts 800watts None 11.(b) With a 2 kW heater, how much heat escapes throughtwo 90RF layers put side by side? 20watts 30watts 40watts 10watts 50watts None 11.(c) With a 1 kW heater, how many 80RF layers are needed sothat the heat that escapes is less than 5 Watts? 4 5 6 7 8 None 11.(d) A 4 kW heater is in front of three layers with a 50RF layernearest the heater then a 40RF layer then a 30RF layer.What heat escapes between the second (40RF) andthird (30RF) layers? 1200watts 1500watts 1000watts 1400watts 1600watts None 11.(e) From a 4 kW heater only 108 Watts escape throughthree identical layers. What is the RF of each layer? 70RF 50RF 80RF 60RF 90RF None Time's up